Saint Joan was born on January 6, 1412, in the village of Domremy to Jacques and
Isabelle d'Arc. Joan was the youngest of their five children. While growing up
among the fields and pastures of her village, she was called Jeannette but when
she entered into her mission, her name was changed to Jeanne, la Pucelle, or
Joan, the Maid.
As a child she was taught domestic skills as well as her religion by her mother.
Joan would later say, "As for spinning and sewing, I fear no woman in
Rouen." And again, "It was my mother alone who taught me the 'Our
Father' and 'Hail Mary' and the 'Creed;' and from none other was I taught my
From her earliest of years Joan was known for her obedience to her parents,
religious fervor, goodness, unselfish generosity and kindness toward her
neighbors. Simonin Munier, one of Joan's childhood friends, tells how Joan had
nursed him back to health when he was sick. Some of her playmates teased her for
being 'too pious.' Others remembered how she would give up her bed to the
homeless stranger who came to her father's door asking for shelter.
Joan was 'like all the others' in her village until her thirteenth year.
"When I was about thirteen, I received revelation from Our Lord by a voice
which told me to be good and attend church often and that God would help
me." She stated that her 'Voices' were Saint Michael the Archangel, Saint
Catherine and Saint Margaret. At first her 'Voices' came to her two or three
times a week but as the time for her mission drew near (five years later), they
visited her daily telling her to 'Go into France' to raise the siege of Orleans,
conduct the Dauphin Charles to Reims for his crowning and to drive the English
from the land.
Joan went to the neighboring town of Vaucouleurs, which means Valley of many
colors. There she spoke to the loyal French governor by the name of Sir Robert
de Baudricourt. After many rejections he finally agreed to send her to the
Dauphin who at the time was living at the castle of Chinon.
On the evening of February 23, 1429, she began her mission for God. In the
company of six men, she rode through the Gate of France on her way to Chinon.
Joan reached this town on March 6th, but was not received by the Dauphin,
Charles, until the evening of March 9th.
After being accepted and approved by a Church council headed by the Archbishop
of Reims, Joan was allowed to lead the Dauphin's army. This part of her career
was meteoric. She entered Orleans on the evening of April 29th and by May 8th
the city had been freed. The Loire campaign started on June 9th and by June 19th
the English were driven out of the Loire valley. The march to Reims started on
June 29th and by July 17th Charles was crowned King of France in the cathedral
From this time on, for reasons know only to King Charles, the king no longer
valued Joan's advice and guidance. She had always told him that God had given
her 'a year and a little longer' to accomplish His will but the king seemed to
take no notice of it. For almost a year he wasted what time remained to Joan,
until in frustration, she left the court. Her last campaign lasted from the
middle of March until her capture at the town of Compiegne on May 23rd, 1430.
Her 'year and a little longer' was over.
Abandoned by her king and friends, she started her year of captivity. As a
prisoner of the Burgundians she was treated fairly but that all changed when on
November 21st, 1430, she was handed over the English. How she survived their
harsh treatment of her is a miracle in itself.
The English not only wanted to kill Joan but they also wanted to discredit King
Charles as a false king by having Joan condemned by the Church as a witch and a
heretic. To obtain this goal the English used those Church authorities whom they
knew to be favorable to them and the staunchest of these was Bishop Cauchon.
Joan's trial of condemnation lasted from February 21st until May 23rd. She was
finally burnt at the stake in Rouen's market square on May 30th, 1431.
Twenty-five years later the findings of Joan's first trial were overturned and
declared 'null and void' by another Church court, who this time was favorable to
King Charles. It was not until 1920 that the Church of Rome officially declared
Joan to be a saint.
Her feast day is celebrated on May 30th.
Materials: Resin ivory substitute
Materials: The image
for this statue was sculpted and touched-up in a larger size, then miniaturized.
These Mission Studios figurines are individually cast by hand, each one antiqued
and polished to highlight its details. The ivory substitute is a proprietary
casting material that is warm to the touch and very durable.
Try adding a drop of aromatic oil on the porous backs!