Bodhisattva of Transcendent Wisdom Statue
Ma˝juśrī Pala Dynasty, India, 9th century CE.
Ma˝juśrī is a bodhisattva associated with transcendent wisdom in
Mahāyāna Buddhism. In Esoteric Buddhism he is a meditational deity.
The Sanskrit name Ma˝juśrī can be translated as "Gentle
Scholars have identified Ma˝juśrī as the oldest and most significant
bodhisattva in Mahāyāna literature. Ma˝juśrī is first
referred to in early Mahāyāna texts such as the Praj˝āpāramitā
sūtras and through this association very early in the tradition he came to
symbolize the embodiment of praj˝ā (transcendent wisdom). In the Lotus
Sūtra, Ma˝juśrī also leads the Nāga King's daughter to
Ma˝juśrī is depicted as a male bodhisattva wielding a flaming sword
in his right hand, representing the realization of transcendent wisdom which
cuts down ignorance and duality. The scripture supported by the lotus held in
his left hand is a Praj˝āpāramitā sūtra, representing his
attainment of ultimate realization from the blossoming of wisdom.
Ma˝juśrī is often depicted as riding on a blue lion, or sitting on
the skin of a lion. This represents the use of wisdom to tame the mind, which is
compared to riding or subduing a ferocious lion. He is the deity that helps with
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