God of War Mars or Ares Statue
13 inches tall to top of spear / 33.02cm tall
Base: 6.25 inches wide x 3.5 inches deep
15.87cm x 8.89cm
Cold cast bronze statue
ARES / MARS God of War
Mars was the Roman god of war
and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early
Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most
prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions. His festivals
were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October,
which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
Under the influence of Greek culture, Mars was identified with the Greek god
Ares, whose myths were reinterpreted in Roman literature and art under the
name of Mars. But the character and dignity of Mars differed in fundamental ways
from that of his Greek counterpart, who is often treated with contempt and
revulsion in Greek literature.
Mars was a part of the Archaic Triad along with Jupiter and Quirinus, the latter
of whom as a guardian of the Roman people had no Greek equivalent. Mars' altar
in the Campus Martius, the area of Rome that took its name from him, was
supposed to have been dedicated by Numa himself, the peace-loving semi-legendary
second king of Rome.
Although the center of Mars' worship was originally located outside the pomerium,
or sacred boundary of Rome, Augustus brought the god into the center of Roman
religion by establishing the Temple of Mars Ultor in his new forum.
Although Ares was viewed primarily as a destructive and destabilizing force,
Mars represented military power as a way to secure peace, and was a father (pater)
of the Roman people.
In the mythic genealogy and founding myths of Rome, Mars was the father of
Romulus and Remus with Rhea Silvia. His love affair with Venus symbolically
reconciled the two different traditions of Rome's founding; Venus was the divine
mother of the hero Aeneas, celebrated as the Trojan refugee who
"founded" Rome several generations before Romulus laid out the city
The importance of Mars in establishing religious and cultural identity within
the Roman Empire is indicated by the vast number of inscriptions identifying him
with a local deity, particularly in the Western provinces.
From Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia