Goddess of Wisdom, War, the Arts,
Industry, Justice and Skill
Athena was the Goddess of wisdom and women's crafts in the mythology of the
Greeks. She was also a defender against evil and as such she was a warrior
Goddess par excellence. The daughter of Zeus and Metis, when her mother became
pregnant, Gaia and Uranus told Zeus that after giving birth to a daughter, Metis
would then have a son by Zeus who would later dethrone him. On Gaia's advice,
Zeus swallowed Metis. When the time came for the child to be born, Zeus was
afflicted with a dreadful headache and sought the help of Hephaestus who split
his skull with a bronze axe to relieve the pain.
A girl in full armor sprang forth from his head: It was
Athena. Athena's attributes were the spear, the helmet and the Aegis (a
goat-skin shield). She attached the Gorgon's head (which Perseus had given her)
to her shield, and this turned to stone every living thing that looked at it.
wise warrior Goddess' attributes are self-confidence, power, courage,
intelligence and diplomacy -- wonderful qualities to share as a gift with any
mentor, mother, sister or friend! The Parthenon was constructed on the
Acropolis just to house statues of her magnificent image. Athena's importance
was maintained even after warfare had transformed Greek goddess civilization.
The Romans called her Minerva.
Athena was the favorite child of Zeus. She is the
virgin mother of Erichthnonius.